A Guide to Diabetes
Diabetes is a lifelong ailment condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to increase. There are two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes is when the body's immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin; type 2 diabetes is when the body doesn't produce enough insulin or the body cells do not react to insulin. Between these two types, it is the type 2 diabetes that is more common. There is also that kind of diabetes in pregnant women called gestational diabetes where these women experience high levels of blood glucose such that their body is unable to produce enough insulin to absorb it. To some extent, some people have blood sugar levels that are above the normal range, but not high enough to be classified as having diabetes; this level is known as pre-diabetes and it is in this condition where there is risk of developing a full-blown diabetes. It is important that from time to time, people should take a blood sugar test to determine the presence of diabetes in its early stage, instead when it is on a late stage where the ailment is already progressively worse.
When food is digested and goes through the bloodstream, the insulin, a hormone that controls the amount of sugar in the blood, moves the sugar or glucose out of the blood into the cells, where it is broken down to produce energy. If a person has diabetes, his body is unable to break down the sugar or glucose into energy, because there's not enough insulin to move the glucose or if not the insulin produced by the pancreas does not work properly. Normally, type 2 diabetes is associated to being overweight. Learn about blood sugar monitor here!
If you experience these common symptoms of diabetes, it's best to see a doctor: feeling always thirsty; urinating more frequently than usual, especially at night; feeling very tired; weight loss and loss of muscle mass; itching around the private parts or frequent episodes of thrush; cuts or wounds that heal slowly; and blurred vision. The type 1 diabetes usually develop quickly in a matter of days or weeks, while the type 2 diabetes is discovered for years, especially if the person does not undergo an annual check-up. To understand more about glucometer, visit http://www.ehow.com/how_4744298_calibrate-touch-ultra-diabetes-monitor.html.
If you're diagnosed with diabetes, it is time to eat healthy foods, take regular exercise and carry out regular blood tests to ensure that your blood sugar level stay balanced. It is also advisable to use a BMI (Body Mass Index) healthy weight calculator to determine if your weight falls under the normal weight according to your age and height. If your diagnosis is type 1 diabetes, you are required regular insulin injections for the rest of your life, while type 2 diabetes diagnosis requires a tablet medication. Know about blood glucose monitor here!